I have been researching the chemtrail phenomenon for over three years now and I am constantly asked the same questions, so to alleviate much personal grief and provide a singular source of accurate information I have created this FAQ for you to share, challenge, debate, and hopefully contribute to. Let’s dive in:
#1 There’s Barium and Aluminum in the Chemtrails
Atmospheric Aluminum A2O3
The predominate source of anthropogenic aluminum in rain and soil samples are raining down from space, blame the rockets:
Each time a space shuttle is launched, the solid rocket boosters release 240 tons of HCl gas, 26 tons of chlorine gas, 7 tons of nitrogen dioxide gas, and 304 tons of aluminum oxide into the atmosphere. The resulting hydrochloric acid dissolves eight inches of concrete on the launch pad, raises the concentration of hydrochloric acid in nearby lakes to 3 M, produces massive fish kills in the ocean, and destroys the paint on cars. Leading chemists believe that the HCl is a major contributor to the holes in the ozone layer.
source, see also: Space Shuttle Exhausted Aluminum Oxide’ A Measured Particle Size Distribution W. R. COFER III AND G. C. PURGOLD Atmospheric Sciences Division, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia E. L. WINSTEAD ST Systems Corporation, Hampton, Virginia R. A. EDAHL Materials Division, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia 1991
That’s right space fans, rockets! 304 tons per launch, 608,000 pounds of aluminum oxide. But wait, there’s more! Welcome to the future of aluminum: ALICE!
Rocket propellant has barely changed in the more than 50 years since the launch of the first artificial satellite Sputnik. But a new mixture of nano-aluminum powder and frozen water could make rocket launches more environmentally friendly, and even allow spacecraft to refuel at distant locations such as the moon or Mars.
The aluminum-ice propellant known as ALICE gets its kick from a chemical reaction between water and aluminum. Space.com 2009
Aluminum interacts with the ionosphere to produce airglow, as does water releases. It does not surprise me that ALICE combines the two, here’s why:
This nano-particle ALICE is now being dubbed as a green-solution to the Aluminum mess they have made:
Also, the term “green propellant” is often confusing, as many assume a green propellant has no environmental impact. Such a propellant is generally beyond the realm of physical possibility. All propellants affect the environment in some way. For instance, all launch vehicles produce exhaust. The components of this exhaust can include soot, carbon dioxide, alumina, inorganic chlorine, water vapor, sulfates, and nitrogen oxides. All of these have an environmental impact, and may contribute to climate change, ozone destruction, or upper atmospheric contrails, depending on the atmospheric layer in which they are deposited; however, the severity and duration of the impact can vary greatly. Given this fact, a green propellant is more correctly viewed as one that seeks to minimize or eliminate a critical environmental impact in one or more of the four main areas. A green propellant is likely to have its own environmental impacts, which may be equal to the current technology in certain areas. For example, many green propellants seek to eliminate hydrazine because of its biologic impact, but they still present atmospheric or space-based effects. Aerospace.org 2011
Nano-particle Aluminum Steam
They are now using nano-particle aluminum to boil frozen water, putting it in ALICE rockets, and we have to consider the possibilities of this technology as it pertains to chemtrails:
Anthropogenic aluminum comes from rockets, very little comes from chemtrails if any, in my humble opinion.
Although rockets produce tons more aluminum than planes do, both are tiny compared to good ole dirt blowing up from the ground:
A LARGE SILICON-ALUMINUM AEROSOL PLUME IN CENTRAL ILLINOIS: NORTH AFRICAN DESERT DUST? 1995
During a summer atmospheric chemistry field project in central Illinois in 1979, unusually high concentration of Si, AI, and other earth’s crust elements were observed simultaneously in two series of 2-h aerosol samples collected at sites separated by about 20 km. The Si-A1 “event” persisted for about 32 h, and was accompanied by winds shifting from east through north as a weak low pressure area moved eastward across southeJrn Illinois, and a nearly stationary front moved back and forth across the study area. Comparison of aerosol Si/AI and Ca/A1 ratios during the event with those in possible sources showed that local soils, coal flyash, and A1 smelter emissions were unlikely sources of the observed plume, and focused the investigation on distant dust sources. Climatology favors north Africa over the western United States as a source of desert dust in summer. Forty-eight hour back-trajectories from Illinois show flow from the Gulf of Mexico. Temperature and humidity soundings at Key West, Florida, three days before the onset of the dust plume in Illinois, showed a typical “Sahara air” profile, and simultaneous mineral dust measurements at Miami indicated a strong influx of North African dust at the same time. The evidence indicates that North African dust is the most likely source of the observed high concentrations of Si and AI in central Illinois in July 1979, and illustrates that long range transport can influence air quality at great distances from source a;~eas. Copyright © 1996 Elsevier Science Ltd
When jet aircraft switched from gasoline based fuel to kerosene (diesel) fuel the aluminum content of the fuels skyrocketed. See this chart Trace Element and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Analyses of Jet Engine Fuels: Jet A, JP5, and JP8:
Aluminum Jet Fuel Additives
Why add nanoparticles? The idea, says lead author R. B. Anand, an associate professor of mechanical engineering at the National Institute of Technology in Tiruchirappalli, India, is that because of their high surface-to-volume ratio, the nanoparticles—which, in the study, had an average diameter of 51 billionths of a meter—have more reactive surfaces, allowing them to act as more efficient chemical catalysts, thus increasing fuel combustion. The presence of the particles also increases fuel–air mixing in the fuel, which leads to more complete burning.
In the study, Anand and co-author J. Sadhik Basha first used a mechanical agitator to create an emulsion consisting of jatropha biodiesel (a fuel derived from the crushed seeds of the jatropha plant), water, and a surfactant, then blended in different proportions of alumina nanoparticles. In addition to outperforming regular biofuel, the nanoparticle-spiked fuels produced significantly lower quantities of nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide gases, and created less smoke.
The researchers are now testing other types of nanoparticles, including hollow carbon nanotubes, and investigating the effects of nano-additives to engine lubrication and cooling systems. One obstacle to the application of this kind of nanotechnology is the high cost of nanoparticle production, says Anand—who also cautions that nanoparticles “should be used judiciously,” because they tend to “entrain into human bodies.“
Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2011-04-nanoparticles-biofuel.html
Atmospheric Sources of Barium
From the IPCC’s first assessment on Climate Change’s report we see confirmation that indeed barium and aluminum are in the exhaust plumes of jets.
Aircraft jet engines also directly emit metal particles. Their sources include engine erosion and the combustion of fuel containing trace metal impurities or metal particles that enter the exhaust with the fuel (Chapter 7). Metal particles-comprising elements such as Al, Ti, Cr, Fe, Ni, and Ba-are estimated to be present at the parts per billion by volume (ppbv) level at nozzle exit planes (CIAP, 1975; Fordyce and Sheibley, 1975). The corresponding concentrations of 107 to 108 particles/kg fuel (assuming 1-mm radius; see below) are much smaller than for soot. Although metals have been found as residuals in cirrus and contrail ice particles (Chen et al., 1998; Petzold et al., 1998; Twohy and Gandrud, 1998), their number and associated mass are considered too small to affect the formation or properties of more abundant volatile and soot plume aerosol particles.
Aluminum, Titanium, Chromium, Iron, Nickel, and Barium are estimated to be in the parts per billion, meaning very small (trace) amounts. Barium in jets comes from STADIS 450, an additive that has been in use since 1962 which contains trade secret chemicals and SARA 313 toxins.
TRIMETHYLBENZENE (SARA 313)
10 – 30% TRADE SECRET POLYMER CONTAINING SULPHUR
5 – 10% TRADE SECRET POLYMER CONTAINING NITROGEN
NAPHTHALENE (SARA 313)
“R-11 Highly flammable. R-36 Irritating to eyes. R-67 Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness. R-51/53 Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. R-65 Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed. R-66 Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking. R-22 Harmful if swallowed. R-40 Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect. R-50/53 Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment. Not classified. R-36/38 Irritating to eyes and skin. R-38 Irritating to skin. R-48/20 Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation. R-63 Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.”
DuPont created STADIS-450 in 1962 and ever since this barium salt fuel additive has been in every single jet fuel tank worldwide. The purpose of STADIS-450 is to reduce static discharge from refueling to keep fuel from exploding. Nonetheless, barium is a serious health concern for everyone on the planet.
- Dinonylnaphthylsulfonic acid (DINNSA, Stadis 450)
- Effects of barium fuel additive and fuel sulfur level on diesel particulate emissions
- Effects of Barium-Based Additive on Diesel Exhaust Particulate
May 1963, Plasma Seeding and Magnetospheric Modification Begins
So far seven different experiments have been carried out with sounding rockets in the Sahara and in Sardinia http://www.igpp.ucla.edu/public/mkivelso/Publications/019-RS008i011p01035.pdf
June 1972, Project SECEDE Observations of the Developement of Striations in Large Barium Ion Clouds
Striations develop within large (12-352 kg releases) barium ion clouds in a two-stage process. First the clouds split into sheets commencing at the trailing edge of the cloud. Then distortions-or pinching effects within the individual sheets cause the formation of field-aligned ray-like structures.In the clouds observed, the individual sheets were 200 m to 1000 m in thickness and were spaced 700 m to 2000 m apart. Quasi-sinu-soidal waviness or spatially periodic thickenings exhibited a wavelength typically 700 m to 1000 m.When rod-like structures appeared, these were typically-200 m to 400 m in diameter and were spaced along the pre-existing sheet at 700 m to 1000 m on centers. http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=AD0757916
November 1972, ARPA Project SECEDE II barium cloud releases
High resolution optical measurements were made of a series of high altitude barium releases at Eglin AFB during January 1971. Data was obtained on the individual cloud motions (ion and neutral), morphology, and fine structure striation development viewed up the geomagnetic field lines. http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/756938.pdf
January 1974, High-explosive shaped Barium charges pound ionosphere
Conclusion on question #1
Blame rockets, HAARP, and space-weather modification for barium and aluminum in the sky, rain, and roots, not chemtrails. Then again, there’s always the military and their “national security” to consider, so I’ll leave you with this nugget from Rosalind Peterson: