In mid-october 2012 ETC Group, working with partners, uncovered a large-scale unauthorised geoengineering scheme that had been carried out in July 300km off the west coast of Canada, close to the islands of Haida Gwaii. We discovered that this ocean fertilization scheme, which involved at least 120 tons of iron dust and iron sulphate being dumped into a highly biodiverse marine ecosystem, appeared to have given rise, at least in part, to an unusually large (10,000 sq km) plankton boom. We also learned that the principal actor behind this large dump of iron was Russ George formerly CEO of Planktos, a company that had attempted to dump iron in the waters west of the Galapagos Islands and the Canary islands in 2007. In ETC Group’s view this activity violated at least three international moratoria established through the IMO’s London Convention and the UN Convention on Biological Diversity.

ETC Group brought this news to allies from the indigenous Haida Nation of Haida Gwaii as well as to a journalist from the Guardian newspaper who broke the story on October 15th as countries were meeting at the 11th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity in Hyderabad India - where ETC also directly informed the world’s governments who were negotiating on Geoengineering oversight. The news prompted shock and alarm from the marine science community, governments and civil society and also from many of the residents of Haida Gwaii and the west coast of Canada.

The links below represent a partial record of the media reporting and scientific and official responses to this large real-world geoengineeirng scheme. They are arranged by date with the latest news articles at the bottom of the list.

World’s biggest geoengineering experiment ‘violates’ UN rules by MARTIN LUKACS, The Guardian, Oct. 15 2012

“A controversial American businessman dumped around 100 tonnes of iron sulphate into the Pacific Ocean as part of a geoengineering scheme off the west coast of Canada in July, a Guardian investigation can reveal. “

Geo-engineering Violation. An illegal iron dumping project off the west coast has caused a dangerous plankton bloom. by CBC Radio: As it happens, Oct. 15 2012

‘Rogue’ Geoengineering Scheme In Pacific Violated UN Rules, Groups Say by ENVIRONMENT 360, Oct. 15 2012

Here We Go Again With Dumping Iron Into the Ocean by Dr. M., Deep Sea News, Oct. 15 2012

Geoengineering experiment off B.C. coast called ‘blatant violation’ of UN rules. The experiment involves controversial Californian businessman Russ George. by MARGARET MUNRO, The Vancouver Sun, Oct. 15 2012

Ocean Geoengineering Experiment Likely Broke International Law by MATT MCDERMOTT, Treehugger, Oct. 15 2012

Here We Go Again With Dumping Iron Into the Ocean by Dr. M., Deep Sea News, Oct. 15 2012

A massive and illegal geoengineering project has been detected off Canada’s west coast by GEORGE DVORSKY, io9, Oct. 16 2012

Geoengineering experiment off B.C. coast called ‘blatant violation’ of UN rules by MARGARET MUNRO, Postmedia News, Oct. 16 2012

Its livelihood gone, fishing village tries scheme to seed a barren sea by MARK HUME, The Globe and Mail, Oct. 16 2012

Iron fertilization project stirs West Coast controversy. Project intended to raise nutrient levels offshore for salmon population by CBC News, Oct. 16 2012

Geoengineering Nut Dumps Tons of Iron Into Ocean by ALYSSA DANIGELIS, Lives Science, Oct. 16 2012

Illegal Iron Dumping Spawns Huge Algal Bloom Seen from Space by JEANNA BRYNER, Lives Science, Oct. 16 2012

100 tonnes of iron sulphate dumped off Canada’s Pacific coast by Metro News, Oct. 16 2012

Haida Gwaii: ‘We have created life out there’: Iron-dust trial to foster sea life in B.C. waters arouses hope, horror by JUDITH LAVOIE, Times Colonist, Oct. 16 2012

Geoengineering experiment off Canadian coast is the world’s largest ever by ALEXANDER BESANT, Global Post, Oct. 16 2012

World’s biggest geoengineering experiment ‘violates’ UN rules? by WILLIAM M. CONNOLLEY, Sb Science Blog, Oct. 16 2012

When geoengineering goes rogue by BRAD PLUMER, Washington Post, Oct. 16 2012

Canadian government ‘knew of plans to dump iron into the Pacific’. Chief executive of company responsible for controversial geoengineering test implicates several departments. by MARTIN LUKACS, The Guardien, Oct. 17 2012

Covert Geoengineering - ETC Group on illegal geoengineering in Pacific Radio Ecoshock, Oct. 17 2012

Independent geoengineer’s ocean field test condemned by MICHAEL MARSHALL, New Scientist, Oct. 17 2012|NSNS|2012-GLOBAL|climate-change

Ignoring geoengineering at our peril by SARA PHILLIPS, abc Net Environment, Oct. 17 2012

Russ George Releases 100 Tons Of Iron Into Pacific by BRETT SMITH, Red Orbit, Oct. 17 2012

Rogue Geoengineer Dumps 100 Tons of iron Off Canada’s West Coast. Geoengineering is always controversial, but it’s even more controversial when you don’t tell anyone first. by CLAY DILLOW, PopSci - Popular Science, Oct. 17 2012

OIF Accusations Fly at CBD COP11 by JOSH HORTON, Blog Geoengineering Politics, Oct. 17 2012

Iron fertilization bloom in the north Pacific Ocean Goddard Earth Scieces Data and Information Service Center (Giovanni visualizations)

Environment Canada to probe ocean experiement on west coast by RAVEENA AULAKH, The Star, Oct. 17 2012

Haida company facing controversy over pacific ocean iron dust dump says its creating life. by JORGE BARRERA, APTN National News, Oct. 17 2012

Rogue Geoengineer Dumps 100 Tons of Iron into the Ocean. by STEVEN SPARKMAN, Newsy, Oct. 17 2012

The council of the Haida Nations comments: “The consequences of tampering with the nature at this scale are not predictable and pose unacceptable risks to the marine environment.”

Please see the “Statement from Council of Haida Nation Oct 18 2012.pdf” for more information.

UN agreement urges caution over geoengineering tests. Guidelines on the deployment of geoengineering have been agreed at the UN biodiversity summit in Hyderabad following intense negotiations. by TIERNEY SMITH, RTCC, Oct. 18 2012

Canada Green leader warns against fertilizing seas by AFP, Oct. 18 2012

Rogue geoengineering experiment dumps 100 tonnes of iron into the Pacific by Avaaz Daily Briefing, Oct. 18 2012

ETC Group Goes After Canadian Government by JOSH HORTON, Blog: Geoengineering Politics, Oct. 18 2012

Canada’s government knew about the geohacking project off its Pacific coast by GEORGE DVORSKY, io9, Oct. 18 2012

Beware the rogue geoengineer by MELISSA FELDER,, Oct. 18 2012

A Rogue Climate Experiment Outrages Scientists by HENRY FOUNTAIN, The New York Times, Oct. 18 2012

The First Geo-Vigilante by MICHAEL SPECTER, The New Yorker, Oct. 18 2012

Rogue Dumping of Iron into Ocean Stirs Controversy by STEPHANIE PAPPAS, LiveScience, Oct. 18 2012

Feds, Haida at odds over program over ocean fertilization program by Canadian Press, Oct. 18 2012

Contents of the Media package from our press conference on October 19, 2012. Haida Salmon Restoration Corporation, Oct. 19 2012

Canada wins Dodo Award by BOB MCDONALD, CBC News, Oct. 19 2012

Ocean fertilization: ‘Rogue climate hacker’ Russ George raises storm of controversy by MARGARET MUNRO, The Vancouver Sun, Oct. 19 2012

Businessman Russ George defends experiment seeding Pacific with iron sulphate by MARK HUME & IAN BAILEY, The Globe and Mail, Oct. 19 2012

Haida leader explains why he voted against massive ocean fertilization project by CBC, Oct. 19 2012

US businessman defends controversial geoengineering experiment. Russ George says he has been under a ‘dark cloud of vilification’ following his ocean fertilisation test off Canada’s Pacific coast. by MARTIN LUKACS, The Guardian, Oct. 19 2012

Profitable climate fixes are too tempting for rogue geoengineers to resist. It is the politics of climate change – not the science of geoengineering – that has created the opportunity for controversial iron dump. by ADAM CORNER, The Guardian, Oct. 19 2012

Feds, Haida at odds over program that saw iron dust deposited in ocean by KEVEN DREWS, Edmonton Journal, Oct. 19 2012

West Coast ocean fertilization project defended. Dumping iron dust off B.C. coast violated no laws or treaties, leaders say. by CBC News, Oct. 19 2012

Canadian Government Knew of Illegal Geoengineering Scheme by MARIO A., Set You Free News, Oct. 19 2012

Will a Fishy Geoengineering Experiment Raise the Stakes of Global Environmental Law? It may have taken someone dumping iron into the ocean to make the world take notice. by BIDISHA BANERJEE, Slate, Oct. 19 2012

Scientists warn deep ocean iron dump could have serious consequences for ocean by JAMES KELLER and KEVEN DREWS, Winnipeg Free Press, Oct. 19 2012

Native village defends ocean experiment; Canada launches probe by NICOLE MORDANT, Reuters & Chicago Tribune, Oct. 19 2012;

Satellite imagery of the rogue Canadian iron dumping experiment

by MARCUS BECKER, Spiegel Online, Oct. 19 2012

Satellite imagery of the rogue Canadian iron dumping experiment by MIRIAM GOLDSTEIN, Deep Sea News, Oct. 19 2012

Replacing iron in sea not pollution, village says

by JUDITH LAVOIE, Times Colonist, Oct. 20 2012

Scientists warn iron dump could seriously harm ocean by JAMES KELLER and KEVEN DREWS, CTV News, Oct. 20 2012

Living Oceans Society releases new evidence Re: Old Masset Iron Fertilization Scheme by KAREN WRISTEN, Living Oceans Society, Oct. 20 2012

Rogue geoengineer creates massive Pacific plankton bloom by DUNCAN GEERE, - Science, Oct. 20 2012

Geoengineering Schemes Split Scientists. A do-it-yourself ocean-seedig plan landed one man in hot water, but credible geoengineering plans are getting a closer look.

by ERIC NIILER, Discovery News, Oct. 21 2012

(German:) Umstrittenes Geoengineering-Projekt im Pazifik. Meeresdüngung entsetzt Umweltschützer. (Ocean fertilization horrified environmentalists)

by MARKUS C. SCHULTE VON DRACH, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Oct. 21 2012

Iron dumping in Haida Gwaii done to sell carbon credits, group claims by ZOE MCKNIGHT, Vancouver Sun, Oct. 22 2012

UN questions ocean seeding test project off coast of Haida Gwaii by MARK HUME, The Globe and Mail, Oct. 23 2012

Ocean-fertilization project off Canada sparks furore by JEFF TOLLEFSON, Nature, Oct. 23 2012

Ocean Geoengineering: Serial Climate Hacking Radio Ecoshock, Oct. 23 2012

Legal? Perhaps. But Controversial Fertilization Experiment May Produce Little Science by ROBERT F. SERVICE, Science Inside, Oct. 23 2012

Scientists Eat Crow on Geoengineering Test. Me, Too by MICHAEL D. LEMONICK, Climate Central, Oct. 23 2012;

‘Fertilização’ de oceano reacende polêmica

By BRUNO DEIRO, in O Estado de S.Paulo (Brazil), Oct. 24 2012

Can controversion Ocean Iron Fertilization save salmon?

By DAVID BIELLO, Scientific American, Oct. 24 2012

Pacific Ocean Hacker speaks out. Is Russ George a “rogue geoengineer,” salmon savior or something else?

By DAVID BIELLO, Scientific American, Oct. 24 2012

Iron-fertilizing experiment took place in worst possible spot, say scientists. Impossible to determine how iron affected the study without proper isolation. by ZOE MCKNIGHT, Vancouver Sun, Oct. 24 2012

Haida iron-dumping project sought Swiss company to sell carbon creditst. Schoppmann & Partner Ag declined because they said there’s no market. by ZOE MCKNIGHT & GORDON HOEKSTRA, Vancouver Sun, Oct. 24 2012

Geoengineering project was about salmon fishery by New Scientist, Oct. 25 2012

Greatest risk of ocean experiment is that it will spawn more: critic by DENE MOORE, Montreal Gazette, Oct. 25 2012

Designer of controversial ocean project tried similar experiment in the past by MARK HUME, The Globe and Mail, Oct. 25 2012

No to geo-engineering Editors Opinion, The Observer, Oct. 26 2012

Geoengineering: Testing the Waters by NAOMI KLEIN, The New York Times, Oct. 28 2012

Investigations of Russ George’s Activities by STEVEN B KRIVIT, New Energy Times, October 2012

B.C. geoengineering experiment attracts worldwide attention at UN / Haida Gwaii iron dumping hot topic as nations negotiate international geoengineering treaty By DENE MOORE, Canadian Press, Oct. 28 2012

Viewpoints: International forum must rein in rogues Read more here: by ALBERT LIN, The Sacramento Bee, Oct. 28 2012

7.7 Earthquake Hits Where The Worlds Largest Geoengineering Experiment Took Place Read more here: by TERRY WILSON, Canadian Awareness Network, Oct. 28 2012

(German:) Privates Eisenduengungs-Experiment vor Kanada (Private Iron Fertilization Experiment in Canada)

by STEPHANIE LAHRTZ, Neue Zuericher Zeitung, Oct. 29 2012

Controversy over ocean geoengineering experiment (article + audio) Radio Canada International, Oct. 29 2012

Geoengineering trouble: Iron fertilization project denounced by scientists and activists

by TOM INGRAM, The Manitoban, Oct. 29 2012

Ottawa says it knew nothing of ocean fertilization project by SANDY HALL; CFJC TV, Oct. 1292012 Source:

Ottawa attacks Haida’s ‘rogue science’ experiment. Alleged violation of Environmental Protection Act probed. by PETER O’NEIL & DENE MOORE, The Canadian Press (in Vancouver Sun and the NOW), Oct. 30 2012;

Ocean Fertilization Could be a Boon to Fish Stocks by RON JOHNSON, Earth Island Journal, Oct. 31 2012

Geoengineering experiments come to the forefront by NATALIA REAL, Fish Information & Services (FIS), Nov. 02 2012

UN expresses ‘grave concern’ over B.C. sea experiment

by KEVIN DREWS, The Globe and Mail, Nov. 02 2012

UN group clashes with First Nation over iron dumbing by JUDITH LAVOIE with Canadian Press, Times Colonist, Nov. 03 2012

Geoengineering the Ocean off Haida Gwaii: A False Solution to Real Problems by EDUARDO SOUSA, Greenpeace Canada, Nov. 05 2012

American businessman’s controversial ocean fertilization scheme off Canada’s west coast in breach of at least two UN conventions. by Ynet News, Nov. 06 2012

UN group issues statement of concern over iron dumping off B.C.’s north coast by KEVIN DREWS,, Nov. 06 2012

Can dumping iron ino the sea fight climate change? by MARTIN KASTE, npr, Nov. 07 2012,

NPR drops the ball on BC iron dump Oceanographer’s Choice, Blogg commenting the npr story by MARTIN KASTE, Nov. 07 2012

Mixing iron into the North Pacific stirs geo-engineering controversy by PETER STRUTTON,, Nov. 08 2012

Geo-engineering and mad scietists by BINOY KAMPMARK, Independent Australia, Dec. 01 2012

Rogue geoengineering could ‘hijack’ world’s climate. by JOHN VIDAL, The Guardian, Jan. 01 2013

The Greens’ aAtack on Mariculture by ROBERT ZUBRIN, National Review, Jan. 03 2013

To Revive Dying Oceans, Try Sinking a Bunch of Trees by GREG THOMAS, Feb.02 2013

False solutions to real problems by EDUARDO SOUSA, the Mark, Feb. 04 2013

Is iron sprinkling the best solution for our oceans? by DAVID CLEMENTS, Langley Times, Feb. 04 2013

Questions, comments at ocean fertilization meetings in Skidegate, Masset QCI Observer, Mar. 09 2013

Geoengineering Research Needs Better Guidelines, Climate Change Experts Say by LAUREN MORELLO, the Huffington Post, Mar. 17 2013


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