I have been researching the chemtrail phenomenon for over three years now and I am constantly asked the same questions, so to alleviate much personal grief and provide a singular source of accurate information I have created this FAQ for you to share, challenge, debate, and hopefully contribute to. Let’s dive in:
#1 There’s Barium and Aluminum in the Chemtrails
Take a look at the IPCC’s report and you will see confirmation that indeed barium and aluminum are indeed in the exhaust plumes of jets.
Aircraft jet engines also directly emit metal particles. Their sources include engine erosion and the combustion of fuel containing trace metal impurities or metal particles that enter the exhaust with the fuel (Chapter 7). Metal particles-comprising elements such as Al, Ti, Cr, Fe, Ni, and Ba-are estimated to be present at the parts per billion by volume (ppbv) level at nozzle exit planes (CIAP, 1975; Fordyce and Sheibley, 1975). The corresponding concentrations of 107 to 108 particles/kg fuel (assuming 1-mm radius; see below) are much smaller than for soot. Although metals have been found as residuals in cirrus and contrail ice particles (Chen et al., 1998; Petzold et al., 1998; Twohy and Gandrud, 1998), their number and associated mass are considered too small to affect the formation or properties of more abundant volatile and soot plume aerosol particles.
Aluminum, Titanium, Chromium, Iron, Nickel, and Barium are estimated to be in the parts per billion, meaning very small (trace) amounts, and that is based on two estimates (meaning “educated” guesses) from 1975. Is this some kind of joke?
The facts are simple:
- exhaust and jet fuel tests are done in labs.
- these tests do not represent real world conditions (FAME contamination, Hum-bugs, poor engine/fuel system maintenance, etc).
- these tests are not randomized (aircraft operator does not expect to be tested) on site (in situ, behind planes) samples.
- with over 110,000 flights per day and billions of gallons of fuel burnt yearly, every part per billion (ppb) of metal sprayed overhead matters!
- although soot is a major cloud condensation nuclei, latest research is finding that cirrus clouds seeds are predominately man-made metals. EXPLAIN THAT. “Clarifying the Dominant Sources and Mechanisms of Cirrus Cloud Formation”
I spoke at an EPA hearing on pollution from jet aircraft and pointed this fact out: we need real-world, randomized testing.
So here are the facts we know:
During the “Single Fuel Concept” conversion from 1988-1996, all NATO aircraft switched from gasoline based fuel (JP-5) to kerosene (diesel) fuel (JP-8) the aluminum content of the fuels tripled. See this chart Trace Element and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Analyses of Jet Engine Fuels: Jet A, JP5, and JP8:
In the study, Anand and co-author J. Sadhik Basha first used a mechanical agitator to create an emulsion consisting of jatropha biodiesel (a fuel derived from the crushed seeds of the jatropha plant), water, and a surfactant, then blended in different proportions of alumina nanoparticles. In addition to outperforming regular biofuel, the nanoparticle-spiked fuels produced significantly lower quantities of nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide gases, and created less smoke.
The researchers are now testing other types of nanoparticles, including hollow carbon nanotubes, and investigating the effects of nano-additives to engine lubrication and cooling systems. One obstacle to the application of this kind of nanotechnology is the high cost of nanoparticle production, says Anand—who also cautions that nanoparticles “should be used judiciously,” because they tend to “entrain into human bodies.“ Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2011-04-nanoparticles-biofuel.html
Man-made atmospheric aluminum can also come from rockets:
Each time a space shuttle is launched, the solid rocket boosters release 240 tons of HCl gas, 26 tons of chlorine gas, 7 tons of nitrogen dioxide gas, and 304 tons of aluminum oxide into the atmosphere. The resulting hydrochloric acid dissolves eight inches of concrete on the launch pad, raises the concentration of hydrochloric acid in nearby lakes to 3 M, produces massive fish kills in the ocean, and destroys the paint on cars. Leading chemists believe that the HCl is a major contributor to the holes in the ozone layer. source, see also: Space Shuttle Exhausted Aluminum Oxide’ A Measured Particle Size Distribution
Aluminum from Erosion
Although rockets produce tons more aluminum than planes do (until testing shows otherwise), both are tiny compared to good ole dirt blowing up from the ground: A LARGE SILICON-ALUMINUM AEROSOL PLUME IN CENTRAL ILLINOIS: NORTH AFRICAN DESERT DUST?
The FAA’s plan for Contrail Control involves large scale farms growing BIOFUELS. This will of course lead to more erosion of aluminum, possible “Dust Bowl” conditions, and the circle continues. See: Biofuels could not help climate change and The Chemtrail Conspiracy BOMBSHELL! Secret Agenda Explained!
Atmospheric Sources of Barium
As we saw earlier, barium is in the jet fuel. Furthermore NASA says:
Barium compounds serve as corrosion and rust inhibitors; detergent; anti-smoke additive in fuels. Zinc dithiophosphate (ZDP) or dialky-dithiophosphate (ZDDP) are anti-wear, anti-oxidant, and corrosion inhibitors. Sodium (Na) and barium (Ba) are associated with detergents that neutralize strong acids, produced during the combustion process. Phenolates, sulphonates and phosphonates of alkaline and alkaline-earth elements, such as calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), sodium (Na) or barium (Ba) are used as detergents in lubricants. – Chemistry Characterization of Jet Aircraft Engine Particulate by XPS: Results From APEX III
And the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC) says:
Barium and compounds are used in oil and gas drilling muds, automotive paints, stabilizers for plastics, case hardening steels, bricks, tiles, lubricating oils, and jet fuel as well as in various types of pesticides. ToxGuide for Barium CAS# 7440-39-3
Other Barium fuel-related links:
- Effects of barium fuel additive and fuel sulfur level on diesel particulate emissions
- Effects of Barium-Based Additive on Diesel Exhaust Particulate
- Barium Additives As Diesel Smoke Suppressants
- 1968 US Patent 3410670 – “Fuel Compositions” “then mixed with 230 grams (3 equivalents) of barium oxide at 90 C.140 C” – “The filtrate, a xylene solution of the product, has a barium sulfate ash content of 25.1%”
- Reduction of Jet Engine Exhaust Smoke with Fuel Additives – 1967
May 1963, Plasma Seeding and Magnetospheric Modification Begins
“So far seven different experiments have been carried out with sounding rockets in the Sahara and in Sardinia” http://www.igpp.ucla.edu/public/mkivelso/Publications/019-RS008i011p01035.pdf
June 1972, Project SECEDE Observations of the Developement of Striations in Large Barium Ion Clouds
Striations develop within large (12-352 kg releases) barium ion clouds in a two-stage process. First the clouds split into sheets commencing at the trailing edge of the cloud. Then distortions-or pinching effects within the individual sheets cause the formation of field-aligned ray-like structures.In the clouds observed, the individual sheets were 200 m to 1000 m in thickness and were spaced 700 m to 2000 m apart. Quasi-sinu-soidal waviness or spatially periodic thickenings exhibited a wavelength typically 700 m to 1000 m.When rod-like structures appeared, these were typically-200 m to 400 m in diameter and were spaced along the pre-existing sheet at 700 m to 1000 m on centers. http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=AD0757916
November 1972, ARPA Project SECEDE II barium cloud releases
High resolution optical measurements were made of a series of high altitude barium releases at Eglin AFB during January 1971. Data was obtained on the individual cloud motions (ion and neutral), morphology, and fine structure striation development viewed up the geomagnetic field lines. http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/756938.pdf
January 1974, High-explosive shaped Barium charges pound ionosphere
Conclusion on question #1
Blame rockets, HAARP, and Space Weather Modification for barium and aluminum in the sky, rain, and roots, not chemtrails. Then again, there’s always the military and their “national security” to consider, so I’ll leave you with this nugget from Rosalind Peterson: